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About Ethiopia

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About Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a multi-ethnic state of nearly 100 million inhabitants and a great variety of customs and languages. Amharic is the federal working language, and country-wide Ethiopians speak 83 languages and over 200 dialects.

Ethiopia is an elevated central plateau varying in height between 2000m and 3000m. In the north and center of the country there are over 20 peaks rising over 4000m, and is often called the Roof of Africa. The most famous Ethiopian river is the Blue Nile (known as the Abay in Amahric), which flows over 1450km from its source at Lake Tana to Kartoum (Sudan) where it joins the White Nile and flows north toward the Mediterranean. Ethiopia is ecologically rich, ranging from the deserts in the east to the tropical forests in the south to extensive Afro-alpine in the highlands throughout.

Ethiopia has 31 endemic species of mammals, notably the Gelada Baboon, the Walia Ibex and the Ethiopian Wolf (or Simien fox). The wide range of altitude has given the country a variety of ecologically distinct areas, this has helped to encourage the evolution of endemic species in ecological isolation. Ethiopia is a global center of avian diversity and top birding destination. More than 856 bird species have been recorded in Ethiopia, 20 of which are endemic to the country.

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While Ethiopia’s urban population continues to rise, the majority of the population continues to earn their living from subsistence farming. Agriculture is the backbone of the national economy and the principal exports from this sector are coffee, oil seeds, honey, khat, flowers, and sugar. There … Read more
Food & Drink
With so many different ethnic groups, food and drinks also vary. A typical dish is wot, a hot spicy stew of meat or vegetables, seasoned with a blend of berbere (hot pepper powder). It is often made with doro (chicken), and normally served with injera, the traditional spongy pancake made from a Read more
An estimated 60% of the population practice Christianity, the majority of which practice the homegrown, Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity. This religion goes back nearly 2000 years to the 4th Century when King Ezana of the Axumite Empire recognized Christianity as the State’s official religion. …  Read more
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